Paving is generally the construction and installation of singular pavers for hardscapes of all types. Paving materials are available in many different shapes, colors, sizes and textures. They are so versatile therefore they can be assembled in many different patterns. Paving offers a wide variety of designs and features which can help to enhance and add value to residential or commercial properties. Paving can easily be completed by DIY. Homeowners are able to build and construct paving projects with their very own touch and personal feel.
There is a vast range of paving materials available nowadays. Paving materials are known as pavers. Pavers are singular units which are assembled to form a pavement of all types and for a wide variety of applications. Popular paving materials include the following: natural stone, brick and concrete. Concrete pavers are an affordable modern type of paving which allows homeowners to use their imagination and implement paving projects whether they are a feature or a driveway. Bricks are a common paving material which has been used for many years. Their traditional reddish tone of color makes them a popular choice. Natural stone paving materials such as flagstones are also very popular.
Paving materials are very versatile and can be used in many ways. There are shapes which are common such as block, square, diamond and circular. Patterns can be assembled in a wide variety of styles to best suit the size and shaping of the paving site. All paving materials are durable, hard wearing and long lasting. Most are waterproof and resistant in high traffic areas. Choosing a paving material may be interesting as the range is endless.
Paving applications can be applied to residential and commercial properties for many different reasons. Some applications may be a feature through landscaping or for practical purposes around the yard. The most common paving applications include sidewalks, patios, walkways, driveways, pool areas, landscapes, garden walks and courtyards. The pavers used for the paving application can be chosen to best suit the application site. For driveways a heavy duty paving material can be used to keep up with the constant vehicular traffic. Sidewalk paving applications can also be paved with durable and flexible pavers for long lasting applications which look great endlessly.
1. Planning: Start the project by identifying the area which is going to be paved. Set out a string line surrounding the area also.
2. Estimate: Estimate the amount of materials which are required by measuring the length and width of the area where the paving is going to be installed. Measurements can be taken to manufacturers for purchase orders of pavers.
3. Excavate: Once materials have been purchased and planning is complete excavate the project site, keeping in mind room for the base material and sand.
4. Base Material: Spread a fine layer of base material over the trench site. Approximately 75mm is appropriate. Level the base material out evenly. Compact thoroughly.
5. Sand Bedding: Lay the 2nd base of sand and smooth it out also evenly into a 25mm layer. Note; the sand should be washed and course.
6. Laying Pavers: Lay the pavers in the sand bedding beginning near the home in the desired pattern and work your way outwards lying course by course. Leave a slight gap of 2mm or use a paver joint or spacer.
7. Edge Restraints: Edge restraints vary in style and types therefore they will need to be applied to best suit the type of paving which has been installed.
8. Compaction: Once the paving is complete spread an even layer of fine sand over the paving sweep it over the gaps and begin compaction. Compaction is best done with a machine which holds a compaction plate.
9. Optional: Apply paving paint or sealant.