Blocks are a very common building and construction material which is used on a wide variety of applications for residential and commercial properties. Blocks are manufactured out of many different masonry materials. Some of these materials include the following; concrete, stone, brick, clay, precast concrete and natural stones. Blocks made from these materials are available in a vast range of shapes and sizes, whilst the traditional shape of a block is generally square or rectangular.
Many different applications can be achieved with the use of block materials. Some of the most common applications include veneer, retaining walls, foundations, siding, steps, paving and properties. Blocks can be assembled in all sorts of patterns. Blocks are available in many different styles. There are blocks which are known as interlocking or segmental, as well as solid and hollow styles. Most block applications require mortar for installation whilst other styles can be dry stacked.
Installing blocks can be done by professional contractors although there are DIY applications which are designed for handy homeowners. Blocks which are being assembled for load bearing applications can be enhanced with reinforcement materials to ensure that the block wall will be able to carry weight and keep its stability. Blocks can be purchased in fire rated types, water proof and resistance, damage and noise proof also.
Block paving has grown in popularity over the last few years due to mass production lines of materials which has resulted in the costs involved being relatively cheaper than usual. Block paving can be implemented in many different areas of the outdoors. They can be used for driveways, landscaping, pathways, patios, sidewalks, walkways and blended in with other styles of paving for a unique feature.
There are two main types of blocks used with paving: molded concrete block and brick kiln fired block. These blocks range in size from 40mm to 100mm. Both concrete and brick paving blocks are available in many different shapes, textures and colors. They can also be assembled in many different laying patterns to best suit the requirements of the project. Block paving can be installed in two different ways, flexible pavement and rigid pavement.
The most popular block masonry used nowadays is brick although concrete and stone masonry blocks are growing in popularity. Block masonry can be used for load bearing applications, veneer, paving, retaining walls and exterior walls. Masonry blocks can be customized by manufacturers to best suit the requirements of the application. Nowadays you can find almost any size, shape or color blocks that you desire!
A block wall is a structure which can be load bearing or non load bearing. Load bearing block walls are constructed generally out of stone or concrete blocks. This type of application is reinforced with steel rods and anchorage systems to prevent the wall from failure. Block walls are assembled in running brick patterns to ensure each block holds it place. This application is very beneficial for home structures as it will stand its ground for many years. Block walls may require architectural design and engineering so it may be wise to seek professional advice before construction. Residential properties which feature a block wall may also need to seek information on building codes as specific types of blocks are required by laws for installation.
Glass blocks are a unique alternative to creating natural lighting inside the home. They also create a stylish alternative to exterior windows. They consist of the finest glass of the world being molding into a squared block like shape. These glass blocks can be prefabricated into a panel or installed one by one. They are available in many different designs such as frosted or clear view. They can also be designed with patterns and features throughout them. They are an attractive addition to the home, office of business. Glass blocks offer a natural lighting which can help to save with energy costs. Lighting can also be added to the finished glass block wall for a feature which is full of color.
Concrete blocks are made from the following materials: cement aggregates, sand and water. Different types of cement are used to produce alternate types of concrete blocks. Concrete blocks are popularly used for applications such as retaining walls, home construction or foundation, paving, veneer and steps. These blocks are typically applied with mortar. They can be reinforced with steel components for load bearing applications.